It is more of an irony that 3/4th of the part of the earth is filled with water, yet we are facing “water crisis” issues. But, just imagine, if you felt thirsty, could you help yourself with the water directly obtained from the ocean? No! Well, that is the problem. Most of the areas of our planet are filled with oceanic water, which makes up 97%, the remaining 2.5% is frozen, and only 0.5% of the water bodies are left out for drinking. But with the introduction of the Efficient Desalination plants,people are looking forward to the 97% salty water to be converted for the consumable purpose.
All we need is more establishments of desalination plants, and the world will never have to worry about water scarcity anymore. The desalination plants function by using the Reverse Osmosis (RO) process. In this article, we are going to discuss RO in detail and understand how the desalination of ocean water can help us deal with the issues related to waterscarcity.
Before we delve into discussing how the problem of water crisis can be managed, we need to know how the process of Reverse Osmosis works. To understand Reverse Osmosis better, you need to know the science behind Osmosis.
For instance, let us understand the process of Osmosis by considering the example of soaked raisins in a cup of water. What do you notice after leaving the dried raisins soaked for a few hours –we see that the raisins have bloated up and are floating in water! The water in which the raisins were soaked has now seeped into its skin, and this process is known as Osmosis. When separated by a thin, semi-permeable membrane, water travels from its higher concentration (low-density liquid) to its lower concentration (high-density liquid). That means the raisins do not discharge the water; instead, they absorb their surrounding water.
The exact opposite process takes place in Reverse Osmosis –water moves from higher density to lower density medium across a thin membrane. However, the liquid won’t make the movement on its own; it has to be pressured or squeezed to make it pass through the membrane. And this phenomenon is being used in the Efficient Desalination plants.
Although this is one efficient method of desalinating ocean water, the reverse osmosis process consumes high volumes of energy. If we roughly look at the figures, 4000 liters of water can be produced by using 13 kW/hrpower. Although the establishment of desalination plants are not very expensive, the point of concern is the amount of energy consumed.
Quite a significant number of technologies are being introduced into the market to deal with the desalination of water.
There is a lot of entrepreneurial scope in the desalination of water, primarily due to the rise in water crises. And the methods and options being discussed above in the article are definitely bringing about a change in the entire scenario of freshwater production. If we move beyond it, a lot can be done too, and there is ample scope for the introduction of different kinds of technologies for the successful functioning of the Efficient Desalination plants.
Definitely, technology is bringing about a drastic change in the way we are going to live our lives. A few decades back, it was almost impossible for us to imagine that oceanic water can also be used for the purpose of drinking. Yet our questionable thoughts are now being transformed into action.
Are you looking for establishing Efficient Desalination plants? Then you have landed up in the correct place. At Keiken Engineering, we take pride in delivering satisfying results to our customers with a versatile solution and green desalination techniques for the production of freshwater. To know more about us, you can give us a call at +34 91 057 72 54, or you can even email us at email@example.com for further information.