Reverse osmosis vs. carbon filter: how does it work?

Reverse osmosis vs. carbon filter: how does it work?

Sometimes tap water may not be really safe to drink. Tap water might contain higher chlorine levels & harmful bacteria. Although tap water passes specific government standards, it might still have adverse long-term & short-term effects on your health. However, water filter for Plantas piloto de tratamiento de agua will help you purify the tap water & make it drinkable, eliminating all the adverse effects. 

A water filtration system cleanses water by eliminating viruses, fluoride, arsenic, & dissolved solids. You might be wondering about how the working of reverse osmosis water purification differs from carbon filtration system & may be wondering which one is best for you & your family.

Here is an explanation of the difference in working between reverse osmosis & carbon filtration that you must know of before opting for Plantas piloto de tratamiento de agua.

What is Reverse Osmosis?

Reverse osmosis water purification makes use of membrane technology. Water is strained over a semi-permeable membrane, & the system features different stages of purification. When water is pushed over the membrane, impurities are left behind, so the outcome is clean & pure drinking water.

Reverse osmosis develops the purest water for drinking & cooking, removing around 97-percent of all water impurities. So, if you wish to install a reverse osmosis system, opt for Plantas piloto de tratamiento de agua today.
Impurities removed by reverse osmosis system include:
• Copper 98.5%
• Arsenic 88%
• Fluoride 93.6%
• Selenium 97.9%
• Barium 96.3%
• Lead 98.6%
• Reduction of TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) 90.8%
• Cadmium 99.1%
• Chlorine 95%
• Turbidity 99.1%
• Chromium Cr 6 96.4%

How do Reverse Osmosis System Works?

First & foremost, the reverse osmosis system filters the impure water with the help of a carbon cartridge eliminating sediments & chlorine. Next is the purification phase, where water is forced through a fine membrane created to eliminate almost all impurities, including TDS (total dissolved solids) like fluoride, recycled sewer water, lead, & many more.

Eventually, water then runs through a second carbon cartridge to refine the water before using, reducing 97 percent of all contaminants in the tap water. The reverse osmosis process clears away minerals like magnesium & calcium from the water; that is why it is important to switch the nutritious with a healthy diet to improve the taste &flavor of the water.

Note that a lot of RO units include a fourth or fifth stage process for superior water quality. The fourth or fifth stage of reverse osmosis is installed customarily underneath your sink or in some other completely portable place. Moreover, this extra fine membrane will improve water efficiency, resulting in less wastewater production.

So, if you wish to install a new RO unit for your water treatment plant, opt for Plantas Piloto de tratamiento de agua today.

What is a Carbon Filter?

Carbon filtration is a water filtration process that uses carbon, like activated carbon, to eliminate chlorine, organic compounds, & heavy metals from water. Carbon filters tend to be more budget-friendly to install & maintain than other complex water filtration systems.

How does Carbon Filter Work?

The carbon filtration process uses hydraulic pressure to force the water through a filter of activated carbon, eliminating micro-organisms, unpleasant odor or taste, & contaminants like chlorine, helping to preserve healthy minerals & effectively eliminate potentially harmful impurities.

Carbon filter works by adsorption & substrate is made of many granules of carbon. As a result, the contaminants are trapped in the large surface area of the substrate.

The Difference Between Reverse Osmosis & Carbon Filter
These two methods are different. Carbon is not bad as people use it for whole-home de-chlorination. However, with regard to drinking water, there is a huge difference.

The difference between carbon filter & reverse osmosis is that size matters. All residue in water has size & is measured in microns. Nearly every carbon filter has an NSF Class I rating, which means that they eliminate 85% of particles sized 0.5 to 1 micron. On the other hand, a reverse osmosis purification system can filter down to 0.001 micron, which is about 500 times the size difference in capacity.

So, if you want a better purification size, install the RO unit by opting for Plantas Piloto de tratamiento de agua. 

In a reverse osmosis purification system, you will find a high-quality membrane for purification compared to carbon filters. Carbon filtration effectively eliminates or reduces containments & impurities like erratic organic compounds, sediment, chlorine, poor taste, &odor from water.

Reverse osmosis high-quality membranes can eliminate bacteria, parasites, & viruses in addition to heavy metals, TDS, pesticides, fluoride, herbicides, unpleasant odor& taste.

A carbon filter alone removes approximately 10-15% of all contaminants or total dissolved solids (TDS). Reverse osmosis, on the other hand, removes 95-97% of TDS.

Therefore, if you want your water to be free of impurities, then the reverse osmosis unit of Plantas Piloto de tratamiento de agua will be a better option.


Nonetheless, it should be acknowledged that no sole channel or equipment can eliminate all the unhealthy substances from the water. Besides, the place you live & the type of water you get supplied are also crucial factors. However, you might ensure that your purifier eliminates most of it & provides you clean & secured drinking water.

Have you been searching for the best quality treatment for your water purification plant? If that is the case, then Keiken Engineering is the right place to go to. Our team helps curate the best and most efficient plans for your water filtration plant for the highest efficiency. For more details, give us a ring at +34 91 057 72 54 or write a mail to us at info@keiken.es