Why desalination of seawater by reverse osmosis is the best option

Why desalination of seawater by reverse osmosis is the best option

Countries like Saudi Arabia and UAE are already using Reverse Osmosis for efficient desalination of seawater. This has helped them convert the seawater into potable water to meet their requirements. If you don’t already know, RO is also used for water filtration at homes and offices and various other places. This makes Reverse Osmosis as the most commonly used method for water treatment. And, it has now become the best method for treating seawater.

Changing climate condition, increasing water crisis and threat to environment has led humanity to look for an alternative. Desalination of seawater seems to be the solution. There are various desalination methods, but RO has proved to be the most effective and efficient method.

Find out what makes why Reverse Osmosis is considered for efficient desalination of seawater.

The Urgent Need for Desalination of Seawater

Only 2% of Earth’s water source is freshwater. Freshwater or potable water is considered suitable for drinking, household and various industrial uses. But not everyone has access to clean and potable water. Some have to travel miles to get water and some places don’t even have the luxury of freshwater.

Despite the fact that 71% of Earth is covered in water, various part of the world does not have access to fresh water. 98% of the available water on Earth is in seas and oceans. The vast amount of water available is not suitable for drinking due its high salinity. If the water can be converted to clean, portable water, a majority of the water problems can be solved.

Due to climate change, the natural water sources are depleting. In then coming few years, countries like USA will have major water crisis. Today, the effects are just the starting point. In coming decades, things are going to get ugly. Which is why, desalination of seawater is considered as one of the best methods to tackle the problem.

Read more: Desalacion eficiente de agua de mar: Risk Management Strategies for Dedicated Industries

What Is Reverse Osmosis?

Thanks to the ever-evolving technology, it is no possible to make seawater potable and usable for the humans. This is possible by efficient water treatment technologies like Reverse Osmosis.

In RO process, seawater is first treated to remove the solid substances like seaweed, junks, impurities and other things that are visible. Then, the seawater is taken and forced through a semi-permeable membrane using pressure. The water that passes through to the other side is free of salt and minerals found in the seawater. The water that is left on the other side is highly concentered water or brine.

Before releasing it into the sea, the brine solution is diluted so that it doesn’t cause imbalance in the seawater. The freshwater is further treated via a remineralization and chlorination process. The water is then stored and sent to different distribution network for consumption by people, industries and businesses.

Also Read: Why is Desalacion eficiente de agua de mar the Call for Future Water Needs?

What Makes Reverse Osmosis the Most Efficient Desalination Method

By far, reverse osmosis is the most efficient desalination process. It is simple but effective. Unlike other methods, the set-up is simple and straightforward. It needs a semi-permeable membrane to do the job. Of course, like any other water treatment method, it needs high amount of energy. Thanks to the advancing technology, efforts are being made to reduce the energy cost.

Reverse osmosis is different and more effective in many ways, such as:

  • It is fast and efficient method of water treatment, which is why they are also used for water filtration at homes and offices.
  • It offers quick and reliable solution.
  • Compared to other methods, RO produces less amount of greenhouse gas emission. This is an important consideration for industries looking for a less damaging method of water treatment.
  • Causes little damage to the marine environment. The brine produced in the process is distilled first before its released into the sea. This makes sure that the marine environment is not disturbed with higher concentration of salt.
  • RO is also capable of recovering a huge part of the energy used in the process. This makes it a cost-effective method of water processing. And the researchers are constantly looking for ways to improve energy efficiency.

The Bottom-line

With processes like RO, efficient desalination of seawater can be achieved. It is one of the best water treatment processes that offers better results than most of the other types of methods. It is easy to set-up, cost-effective, faster and environmentally-friendly. For industries looking for a highly efficient desalination methods, reverse osmosis offers the best solution. In many ways, it can help save the future of humanity by tackling the water crisis before it gets out of hand.

Efficient Desalination of Seawater With Keiken Engineering

Keiken Engineering offers efficient desalination of seawater for various industrial use. We have been helping industries find the best water treatment solution based on their requirements, budget and safety of the environment. We customize the solution to meet specific needs. We strive to provide cost-effective and time-efficient solution to our customers.

Checkout our Reverse Osmosis Solution here – https://www.keiken-engineering.com/plantas-de-osmosis-inversa-ro/